Access permissions of memory segment

Access permissions of memory segment,memory,Memory,As we all know, memory layout has four segments as follows Heap Data Segment Read/Write permission code segment Read/Execute permission Stack I would like to know the access permission for heap and stack segments.

As we all know, memory layout has four segments as follows

Heap
Data Segment     Read/Write permission
code segment     Read/Execute permission
Stack 

I would like to know the access permission for heap and stack segments.


#1

I have written simple x86 OS to load elf image. Which the roughly layout of the four segment is as:

Code segment
Data segment
Heap
Stack

You can get the layout in linux by:

sudo pmap <pid>

0000000000400000    384K r-x--  /usr/local/bin/tmux
0000000000660000      8K rw---  /usr/local/bin/tmux
0000000000662000    108K rw---    [ anon ]
0000000001242000    132K rw---    [ anon ]
0000000001263000   2868K rw---    [ anon ]
00000037ba400000    128K r-x--  /lib64/ld-2.12.so
...
00007fff4f411000     84K rw---    [ stack ]
00007fff4f55c000      4K r-x--    [ anon ]
ffffffffff600000      4K r-x--    [ anon ]

The first segment is for executable image. Second is for the read only data. Then goes the heap. The heap in linux which allocated by malloc was called Anonymous segment. In the address near 00008000 00000000 is the stack addresses.

Which stack grow downside, and heap grow upside from the address after the data segment of program.

Then you could found the permission of the heap and stack are all read/write permission.

Ps. I'm not quite sure why there are so many Anonymous segment as I haven't go to so detail of linux for a long time. But in my x86 simple OS, heap start after data segment with alignment and padding.